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Capital Patna Area 94163
Population 82878796 Literacy Rate 0.00
Languages Hindi, Bhojpuri & Maithili
Natural Resources Forest, Fertile Land, Water Resources, Minerals Production
Rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Sone
The ancient name of Bihar was "Vihara" which means monastery. It is located in the eastern part of India. Area wise Bihar is the twelfth largest state and the third most populated state in India. The flora and fauna of this state is enriched by the river Ganges that flows through Bihar before getting distributed in Bengal's deltoid zone. Bihar also has a vast forest land that covers an area of 6,764 km2. This state is linguistically potent too as several languages are spoken here, like the Bhojpuri, Maithili, Magahi, Bajjika and Angika. The capital city of Bihar is Patna which was earlier called Pataliputra. Bihar became the epicenter of power, culture and learning under the rule of some of the greatest emperors of India, namely Samudragupta, Chandragupta Maurya, Vikramaditya and Asoka. It was also home to the two great centers of learning at that time, Vikramshila and Nalanda University. Even today one can find several ancient monuments all over Bihar which are a living proof of the state's 3,000 years old history; these monuments are visited by millions and millions of tourists all over the world. The Mahabodhi Temple located in this state has been declared as a heritage site by the UNESCO.
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